KAIZEN: Um processo de melhoria contínua nas empresas

  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/captcha/captcha.inc on line 61.
  • strict warning: Non-static method Pagination::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module on line 313.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module on line 313.
  • strict warning: Non-static method Pagination::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module on line 408.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module on line 408.
  • warning: Parameter 2 to securepages_link_alter() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/includes/common.inc on line 2968.
  • warning: Parameter 2 to securepages_link_alter() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/includes/common.inc on line 2968.
  • strict warning: Non-static method Pagination::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module on line 350.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module on line 350.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/captcha/captcha.inc on line 61.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_argument::init() should be compatible with views_handler::init(&$view, $options) in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc on line 745.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 589.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 589.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_boolean_operator::value_validate() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::value_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_boolean_operator.inc on line 149.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_style_default::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_style_default.inc on line 25.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 135.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 135.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/captcha/captcha.inc on line 61.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_page::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin_display_page::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 250.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_page::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 250.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 47.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 48.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 49.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 50.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 51.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 52.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 53.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 54.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 55.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_block::init() should be compatible with views_plugin_display::init(&$view, &$display, $options = NULL) in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 83.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_block::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 83.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 50.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 51.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 52.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 53.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 54.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 55.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 56.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 57.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 58.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_attachment::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin_display_attachment::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 239.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_attachment::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 239.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_ical::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin_display_page::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/calendar_ical/calendar_plugin_display_ical.inc on line 217.
  • strict warning: Declaration of date_handler_field_multiple::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/date/date_handler_field_multiple.inc on line 171.
  • strict warning: Declaration of date_api_argument_handler::init() should be compatible with views_handler_argument::init(&$view, &$options) in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/includes/date_api_argument_handler.inc on line 366.
  • strict warning: Declaration of date_api_argument_handler::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/includes/date_api_argument_handler.inc on line 366.
  • warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/includes/date_api_argument_handler.inc on line 33.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_style::init() should be compatible with views_plugin_style::init(&$view, &$display, $options = NULL) in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_style.inc on line 175.
  • warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 128.
  • warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 128.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 47.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 48.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 49.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 50.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 51.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 52.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 53.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 54.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 55.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 50.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 51.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 52.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 53.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 54.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 55.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 56.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 57.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 58.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_view_plugin_style::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_view_plugin_style.inc on line 141.
  • warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/theme/theme.inc on line 107.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 255.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 260.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 261.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 255.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 260.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 261.
  • warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/theme/theme.inc on line 107.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 255.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 260.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 261.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 255.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 260.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 261.
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Área de Atuação: Gestão da Produção

 

Kaizen surgiu no início da década de 50, no Japão, por necessidade e não por opção. As empresas japonesas necessitavam crescer, porém não tinham dinheiro e tão pouco o governo japonês podia emprestar. Não podemos esquecer que o Japão tinha perdido a II Guerra mundial, seu país estava arruinado, as empresas japonesas tinham que ter produtos com boa qualidade e com preço competitivo e, o pior, não tinham máquinas sofisticadas ou automáticas, como tinham os Americanos. Os japoneses, para poderem ser competitivos, tinham que ser mais criativos do que os demais países na área da produção.
 
A teoria clássica de administração de Taylor ajudou os japoneses a criarem o Kaizen. Em julho de 1950, o governo japonês, em conjunto com a organização União Japonesa de Cientistas e Engenheiros, JUSE Japanese Union of Scientists and Engineers, convidou o Americano W. E. Deming para fazer várias palestras, em 8 dias, sobre Controle Estatístico da Qualidade. Para Willian Edwards Deming, (1900 a 1993), o objetivo do administrador é otimizar o sistema como um todo.  Deming sempre empregou a harmonia, importância da constante pesquisa em projeto, produção e vendas, para que a empresa possa atender as necessidades do mercado e do cliente com produtos de melhor qualidade. “Quando o dinheiro é um fator crítico, a inovação é cara. Kaizen, por outro lado, enfatiza os esforços humanos, moral, comunicação, treinamento, trabalho em equipe, envolvimento e autodisciplina – uma abordagem de baixo custo à melhoria”. Masaaki Imai (2007).
 
O método Kaizen é muito mais do que um processo de melhoria contínua, é uma crença na qual a criatividade das pessoas persegue as condições ideais de um processo, mesmo que este objetivo nunca seja alcançado. Temos 5 elementos fundamentais:     
 
a) trabalhar em equipe;
b) disciplina pessoal;
c) constantes sugestões de melhorias;
d) eliminação de desperdícios;
e) Kaizen deve tornar o trabalho mais fácil para as pessoas.
 
Após muita disciplina e dedicação, as empresas japonesas, no início da década de 70, começam a mostrar sua evolução na produtividade, qualidade, eficiência, e vários estudiosos, empresários e jornalistas começam a acompanhar esta evolução. Conforme Masaaki Imai (2005): “Eles dedicaram muita atenção a algumas das práticas exclusivas de administração do Japão, entre elas o sistema de emprego vitalício, os salários baseados no tempo de serviço e os sindicatos nas empresas”.
 
Kaizen ignifica melhoria contínua, ou seja, cada vez que se repete uma tarefa, esta tarefa deverá ser feita com melhora de qualidade e com menor tempo do que a vez anterior, pois estamos apreendendo com a repetibilidade do processo. No Japão, a palavra Kaizen significa: Kai = mudar e zen = o melhor, e ela é empregada para várias situações, não somente na empresa, mas também na escola, na sociedade e na vida familiar.
 
A principal pessoa que divulgou a filosofia Kaizen no ocidente foi o Professor Masaaki Imai, fundador do Instituto Kaizen. Masaaki Imai nasceu no Japão, em Tókio, em 1930, e em 1955 se formou na Universidade de Tokyo. Além de ter escrito vários livros sobre o assunto, entre eles, Kaizen, the key to Japan’s Competitive Sucess (podemos traduzir ao português como: Kaizen, a chave do sucesso das companhias Japonesas), no início dos anos 50, Masaaki Imai trabalhou nos Estados Unidos, no Japan Productivity Center, na cidade de Washington, onde acompanhava delegações de japoneses que visitavam as principais empresas americanas para aprender o segredo da produtividade americana. Em 1986, fundou o Instituto Kaizen e, nesse mesmo ano, publicou o livro Kaizen, the key to Japan’s Competitive success. O sucesso dessa publicação foi tão grande que o livro foi traduzido para 14 idiomas.
 
Kaizen tem como objetivo a melhoria contínua do processo; melhorando constantemente o processo, a empresa terá menor custo e, como conseqüência, maior lucro. O desperdício, mudá em japones, em todas as formas, é muito combatido pela filosofia Kaizen.
 
Kaizen não é uma reengenharia, Kaizen significa melhorias contínuas, envolvendo todas as pessoas da empresa, desde o presidente até o operário. A filosofia Kaizen afirma que devemos fazer constantes melhorias, seja em nossa vida, no trabalho, na sociedade e em nosso próprio lar.
 
Ele é um processo de origem japonesa, com sistema incremental, ou seja, contínua e gradual. Tem como princípio que a vida merece uma constante melhoria – portanto, na vida em geral (pessoal, familiar, social e no trabalho). Podemos simplificar o pensamento Kaizen como: “Hoje melhor do que ontem, amanhã melhor do que hoje” (de autor desconhecido). Para Kaizen, é sempre possível fazer melhor. Como conceito dentro de uma empresa, deveríamos ter, no mínimo, uma melhoria implantada por dia. Os elementos-chaves para o sistema Kaizen eficientes são:
 
a) qualidade em tudo que se faz;
b) esforço e dedicação;
c) envolvimento de todos os funcionários da empresa, desde o presidente até o operador de máquinas;
d) vontade de mudar e de vencer;
e) comprometimento.
 
Sucesso do sistema Kaizen
 
É parte da estratégia do Kaizen que nenhum dia deve passar sem algum tipo de melhoria ter sido implantada dentro da empresa. O melhor sistema do mundo só trará resultado se as pessoas que estão envolvidas tiverem interesse em que o mesmo tenha êxito. O envolvimento total, desde a diretoria até o operador de máquina, é fundamental para o êxito do Kaizen. Além do envolvimento total de todos os níveis da empresa, é necessário o comprometimento de todos para com o processo, com as metas e com os resultados. Toda empresa busca aumento da lucratividade e aumento da participação em seu mercado, Marketing Share, e para isso ela deve ter missão, visão e objetivos, bem como prover aos funcionários um trabalho e uma convivência de forma equilibrada e prazerosa. Isso porque trabalhando e vivendo de forma equilibrada e satisfatória, é possível aumentar a produtividade e melhorar a qualidade.
 
Clima agradável de trabalhar é necessário que todos os funcionários tenham bom relacionamento e harmonia entre eles; não é admissível a diferença entre funcionários. De acordo com o artigo publicado em 15 de Agosto de 2006, pelo Dr. Koiti Egushi, denominado, “Os 5S da administração Japonesa”, comenta-se com grande propriedade sobre a filosofia japonesa da harmonia: “Desde a remota era dos primeiros samurais em torno dos anos 700, conforme relata Ferri de Barros, os japoneses, pela forte influência da cultura Chinesa e principalmente, Lao Tse e Confúcio, promovem o espírito, WA, a harmonia. Harmonia em tudo. Harmonia entre os desiguais, harmonia entre os contrários. Harmonia entre o bem e o mal. Harmonia entre o a alegria e a tristeza. Harmonia entre o bem-aventurado e o desgraçado. Sobretudo entre pessoas”.
 
Partindo do objetivo de que dentro da empresa devemos ter no mínimo uma melhoria implantada por dia, podemos afirmar que esta metodologia traz resultados qualitativamente e quantitativamente, com custo baixo e em prazo de tempo curto, tendo como consequência a melhoria da qualidade do serviço ou produto e o aumento da lucratividade da empresa.
 
Fonte: Site Portal Qualidade Brasil
Artigo postado por:
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