Teoria das Restriçoes - Uma abordagem enxuta para o momento atual

  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/captcha/captcha.inc on line 61.
  • strict warning: Non-static method Pagination::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module on line 313.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module on line 313.
  • strict warning: Non-static method Pagination::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module on line 408.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module on line 408.
  • warning: Parameter 2 to securepages_link_alter() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/includes/common.inc on line 2968.
  • warning: Parameter 2 to securepages_link_alter() expected to be a reference, value given in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/includes/common.inc on line 2968.
  • strict warning: Non-static method Pagination::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module on line 350.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module on line 350.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/captcha/captcha.inc on line 61.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_argument::init() should be compatible with views_handler::init(&$view, $options) in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc on line 745.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 589.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 589.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_boolean_operator::value_validate() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::value_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_boolean_operator.inc on line 149.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_style_default::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_style_default.inc on line 25.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 135.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 135.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/captcha/captcha.inc on line 61.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 879.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_page::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin_display_page::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 250.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_page::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 250.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 47.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 48.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 49.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 50.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 51.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 52.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 53.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 54.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 55.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_block::init() should be compatible with views_plugin_display::init(&$view, &$display, $options = NULL) in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 83.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_block::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 83.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 50.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 51.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 52.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 53.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 54.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 55.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 56.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 57.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 58.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_attachment::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin_display_attachment::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 239.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_attachment::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 239.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_display_ical::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin_display_page::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/calendar_ical/calendar_plugin_display_ical.inc on line 217.
  • strict warning: Declaration of date_handler_field_multiple::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/date/date_handler_field_multiple.inc on line 171.
  • strict warning: Declaration of date_api_argument_handler::init() should be compatible with views_handler_argument::init(&$view, &$options) in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/includes/date_api_argument_handler.inc on line 366.
  • strict warning: Declaration of date_api_argument_handler::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/includes/date_api_argument_handler.inc on line 366.
  • warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/includes/date_api_argument_handler.inc on line 33.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_plugin_style::init() should be compatible with views_plugin_style::init(&$view, &$display, $options = NULL) in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_style.inc on line 175.
  • warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 128.
  • warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 128.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 47.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 48.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 49.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 50.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 51.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 52.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 53.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 54.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_page.inc on line 55.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 50.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 51.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 52.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 53.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 54.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 55.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 56.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 57.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_block.inc on line 58.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 164.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 165.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 166.
  • warning: Attempt to modify property of non-object in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_plugin_display_attachment.inc on line 167.
  • strict warning: Declaration of calendar_view_plugin_style::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/includes/calendar_view_plugin_style.inc on line 141.
  • warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/theme/theme.inc on line 107.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 255.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 260.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 261.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 255.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 260.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 261.
  • warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/theme/theme.inc on line 107.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 255.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 260.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 261.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 255.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 260.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 261.
  • warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/storage/0/1e/23/ecrconsultoria1/public_html/sites/all/modules/calendar/theme/theme.inc on line 107.
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Área de Atuação: Gestão da Produção

 

     Um estudo recente publicado pela revista Industry Week, tendo como base indústrias de grande e médio porte, demonstrou que a maioria delas utiliza em maior ou menor grau, para a melhoria e efetividade dos seus processos de manufatura, técnicas consagradas pelo mercado comoLean Manufacturing,  6 Sigma e Teoria das Restrições.   A duvida que paira na cabeça dos executivos e', em que grau a implementação dessas praticas esta sendo utilizada em minha empresa? Que resultados concretos estou obtendo ? E quanto aos meus concorrentesestou sendo mais ágil o suficiente? As respostas a essas questões nem sempre são satisfatórias e uma boa parte se volta a um lugar comum, por mais esforço que se tenha colocado na implementação de diferentes praticas os resultados obtidos estão aquém das expectativas, e se todo esse  esforço foi feito qual a razão desse desempenho insatisfatório.

     Entre tantos outros motivos, as organizações modernas estão imersas em um mundo repleto de desafios, oportunidades, entregas e  resultados, fazendo com que os seus recursos sejam absorvidos por uma quantidade exagerada de tarefas e  invariavelmente quanto melhor e mais capacitado e' este recurso maior e' a quantidade de tarefas assumidas.

     Uma pesquisa realizada pela Stanford University , mostrou que a realização de muitas tarefas ao mesmo tempo (multitarefa) reduz a eficiência e desempenho,  porque o cérebro pode se concentrar em uma coisa de cada vez. Quando você tenta fazer duas coisas ao mesmo tempo, seu cérebro não tem capacidade para executar ambas as tarefas com sucesso, ou seja, basicamente cada momento que trocamos de atividade nosso celebro precisa de um espaço de tempo para reagir e se adequar a nova tarefa, fazendo uma comparação com os pit stops nas corridas de automóveis, você precisa parar, trocar o tema e retomar a corrida,  e todos sabemos quão preciosos são os segundos perdidos  nos pit stops para o resultado final da corrida.

     Desta forma não e' difícil nos encontrarmos em situações em que, no final do dia muitas coisas e as muitas vezes importantes deixaram de ser  feitas  e as que foram feitas poderiam ter sido mais bem  elaboradas.

     Tendo isso em perspectiva, o Dr. Eliayhu Goldratt, em sua Teoria das Restrições ( TOC-Theory of  Constraints ) advogou que as organizações não possuem um desempenho melhor por não conseguirem dar foco naquilo que realmente e' importante. A Teoria das Restrições  é um paradigma da liderança e que considera que os sistemas estão limitados a alcançar a maioria de seus objetivos por um certo número de restrições e que restrição é qualquer coisa em uma empresa que a impeça ou limite seu movimento em direção aos seus objetivos, em um exemplo clássico da TOC, a resistência de uma corrente de elos e' dada pelo seu elo mais fraco, logo se quisermos aumentar sua capacidade não precisamos aumentar a resistência de todos os elos ao mesmo tempo,  mas somente a do mais fraco.                                                                

      Similarmente para uma organização, não precisamos melhorar  todos os processos e praticas operacionais ao mesmo como de praxe, enquanto mantendo um alto grau de stress na organização e ineficiências devido à multitarefa, devemos sim, nos concentrarmos nos "elos" mais fracos ou nas restrições do sistema e colocarmos todos nossos esforços ali. O que foi posto ate aqui parece lógico, o Dr Goldratt costumava se referir a situações similares com a expressão "Embaracosamente simples", pois se nossa intuição nos diz ser o correto porque não o fazemos.                                                                

      Em geral as operações se caracterizam por possuírem:

- Alto grau de dependência dos processos, ou seja, as atividades de uma fabrica não podem ocorrer enquanto outras operações ou atividades especificas não tiverem sido concluídas. ( exemplo: um determinado processo/produto só pode ser iniciado quando os materiais necessários estiverem disponíveis)

- Alto grau de variabilidades, estas decorrentes de eventos aleatórios e flutuações estatísticas ( exemplo: um pedido urgente de um cliente ou uma falha de um equipamento )

- Capacidades de recursos desequilibradas entre si, , os dois itens acima dependência e flutuações conspiram contra este equilíbrio, fazendo com que na pratica uma fabrica perfeitamente balanceada não seja encontrada, embora exista um esforço enorme nas organizações para conseguir o balanceamento dessas capacidades.

     Partindo-se do princípio de que as operações possuem intrínsica variabilidade, os recursos são limitados e a falta de foco e' ineficiente,  o Dr Goldratt nos trouxe como proposta a ( TOC - Theory of Constraints)  uma  metodologia, composta de 5 passos  que quando bem implementada, nos possibilita identificar  e focar os 'elos' mais fracos da organização, explorá-los com objetividade e aumentar sua capacidade, resultando em processos mais eficientes e produtivos.

Abaixo um sumário dos cinco passos da TOC:

 1- Identificar a restrição do sistema.

A forma mais simples de identificar uma restrição ( gargalo ) e' avaliar a carga sobre cada um dos recursos e  compará-la com a quantidade total de produção necessária.

2 - Decidir como explorar a restrição

Uma vez identificada a restrição do sistema, precisamos maximizar o desempenho desse recurso  aumentando sua produtividade, ao mesmo tempo em que otimizamos seus custos e neste momentos podemos entrar com técnicas como Lean Manufacturing ,  6 Sigma e TPC ( tambor, corda e Pulmão ) e/ou Processos de Pensamento do próprio TOC com resultados surpreendentes.

3 - Subordinar todo o resto à decisão anterior

A partir deste momento todas as decisões da organização desde a compra dos materiais ate a entrega do produto final ao estoque,  devem estar em sincronia para que a restrição não seja impactada, lembrar que o gargalo por definição  esta dando o ritmo a produção e as vendas.

4 – Elevar a Restrição.  

Uma vez que temos otimizado a restrição, podemos dar inicio ao processo para elevar a sua capacidade que pode ser conseguida via modificação ou adição de equipamentos assim como busca de roteiros alternativos de produção para aliviar a carga deste gargalo

5 – Repetir.  

Quando a restrição tiver sido rompida, esta na hora de voltar ao passo 1 em busca da próxima restrição.

 

     Conclusão: A aplicação criteriosa da TOC em processos produtivos nos permite identificar e comunicar `a organização as prioridades bem como focar nossos limitados recursos naquilo que realmente e'  importante e essencial para obtenção de resultados sustentáveis.

 

 

Referencias:

- Theory of Constraints Handbook: Chapter 7- A review of literature on Drum-Buffer-Hope, Buffer managment and distrribution   by John H. Blacstone Jr.

- Industry Week: Best Plants

Artigo postado por: Sergio Vicente Simioni
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